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Ecuador Country Profile
 
Fast Facts

» Capital

Quito

» Population

15,439,429 (July 2013 est.) (World Factbook)

» History

What is now Ecuador formed part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest in 1533. Quito became a seat of Spanish colonial government in 1563 and part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717. The territories of the Viceroyalty - New... » More

» Religions

Christianity 93.9%; Non-Religious 4.4%; Other/Small 0.9%; Ethnic Religions 0.8%; Evangelicals: 7.9% (subset of Christianity) (Operation World 2013)

» Christian Breakdown

Roman Catholic 82.9%; Protestant 7.6%; Other 6.6%; Independent 2.9% (Operation World 2013)

» Unreached People Groups

1 (Out of 32 total people groups) (Joshua Project)

» Languages

Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua) (World Factbook)

» Government Type

republic

» Economy

Ecuador is substantially dependent on its petroleum resources, which have accounted for more than half of the country's export earnings and approximately two-fifths of public sector revenues in recent years. In 1999/2000, Ecuador's economy... » More

» Per Capita GDP

$10,200 (2012 est.) (World Factbook)

» Internet Users

3.352 million (2009) country comparison to the world: 64 (World Factbook)

» Unemployment Rate

4.9% (2012 est.) (World Factbook)

» Life Expectancy

male: 73.2 years female: 79.25 years (2013 est.) (World Factbook)

» Major Infectious Diseases

degree of risk: high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013) (World Factbook)

» HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 78 (World Factbook)

 
Capital
Quito Close
Population
15,439,429 (July 2013 est.) (World Factbook) Close
History
What is now Ecuador formed part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest in 1533. Quito became a seat of Spanish colonial government in 1563 and part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717. The territories of the Viceroyalty - New Granada (Colombia), Venezuela, and Quito - gained their independence between 1819 and 1822 and formed a federation known as Gran Colombia. When Quito withdrew in 1830, the traditional name was changed in favor of the "Republic of the Equator." Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors. A border war with Peru that flared in 1995 was resolved in 1999. Although Ecuador marked 30 years of civilian governance in 2004, the period was marred by political instability. Protests in Quito contributed to the mid-term ouster of three of Ecuador's last four democratically elected presidents. In late 2008, voters approved a new constitution, Ecuador's 20th since gaining independence. General elections were held in February 2013, and voters re-elected President Rafael CORREA.(World Factbook) Close
Religions
Christianity 93.9%; Non-Religious 4.4%; Other/Small 0.9%; Ethnic Religions 0.8%; Evangelicals: 7.9% (subset of Christianity) (Operation World 2013) Close
Christian BreakDown
Roman Catholic 82.9%; Protestant 7.6%; Other 6.6%; Independent 2.9% (Operation World 2013) Close
Unreached People Groups
1 (Out of 32 total people groups) (Joshua Project) Close
Languages
Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua) (World Factbook) Close
Government Type
republic Close
Economy
Ecuador is substantially dependent on its petroleum resources, which have accounted for more than half of the country's export earnings and approximately two-fifths of public sector revenues in recent years. In 1999/2000, Ecuador's economy suffered from a banking crisis, with GDP contracting by 5.3% and poverty increasing significantly. In March 2000, the Congress approved a series of structural reforms that also provided for the adoption of the US dollar as legal tender. Dollarization stabilized the economy, and positive growth returned in the years that followed, helped by high oil prices, remittances, and increased non-traditional exports. From 2002-06 the economy grew an average of 4.3% per year, the highest five-year average in 25 years. After moderate growth in 2007, the economy reached a growth rate of 6.4% in 2008, buoyed by high global petroleum prices and increased public sector investment. President Rafael CORREA, who took office in January 2007, defaulted in December 2008 on Ecuador's sovereign debt, which, with a total face value of approximately US$3.2 billion, represented about 30% of Ecuador's public external debt. In May 2009, Ecuador bought back 91% of its "defaulted" bonds via an international reverse auction. Economic policies under the CORREA administration - for example, an announcement in late 2009 of its intention to terminate 13 bilateral investment treaties, including one with the United States - have generated economic uncertainty and discouraged private investment. The Ecuadorian economy slowed to 1% growth in 2009 due to the global financial crisis and to the sharp decline in world oil prices and remittance flows. Growth picked up to a 3.3% rate in 2010 and nearly 8% in 2011, before falling to 5% in 2012. China has become Ecuador's largest foreign lender since Quito defaulted in 2008, allowing the government to maintain a high rate of social spending; Ecuador contracted with the Chinese government for more than $9 billion in oil for cash and project loans as of December 2012. (World Factbook) Close
Per Capita GDP
$10,200 (2012 est.) (World Factbook) Close
Internet Users
3.352 million (2009) country comparison to the world: 64 (World Factbook) Close
Unemployment Rate
4.9% (2012 est.) (World Factbook) Close
Life Expectancy
male: 73.2 years female: 79.25 years (2013 est.) (World Factbook) Close
Major Infectious Diseases
degree of risk: high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013) (World Factbook) Close
HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate
0.4% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 78 (World Factbook) Close
Ministry Links

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 Nazarene Missions International
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 Global Missions (Church of God-Anderson)
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 International Fellowship of Christian Assemblies
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 Christian Aid Mission
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 Bible League International
Bibles and other Scripture materials - We provide Bibles and Scripture materials for churches and ministries to use in their evangelism and...» More
   
 
 
Coordinates:
2 00 S, 77 30 W


Prayer Wall for Ecuador
Pray for continued freedom of religion, harmony between denominations and an increase in spiritual life among Catholics. Pray for great spiritual harvest in every part of the country and level of society. Pray for unity in the church that transcends class, culture, personalities and...

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