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New Caledonia Country Profile
 
Fast Facts

» Capital

Noumea

» Population

267,840 (July 2014 est.) (World Fact Book)

» History

Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island became a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended... » More

» Religions

Buddhism 0.5%; Christianity 78.4%; Ethnic Religions 1.6%; Islam 2.4%; Non-Religious 16.1%; Other/Small Religions; Evangelical 5.4% (Subset of Christianity) (Operation World)

» Christian Breakdown

Anglican 0.1%; Independent 5.9%; Orthodox 0.7%; Other Christian 0.3%; Protestant 18.9%; Roman Catholic 74.1% (Operation World)

» Unreached People Groups

0 Unreached people groups totaling approx. 0 people (Joshua Project)

» Languages

French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects (World Fact Book)

» Government Type

NA (World Fact Book)

» Economy

New Caledonia has about 25% of the world's known nickel reserves. Only a small amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, substantial financial support from France - equal to... » More

» Per Capita GDP

$37,700 (2008 est.) (World Fact Book)

» Internet Users

85,000 (2009) (World Fact Book)

» Unemployment Rate

17.1% (2004) (World Fact Book)

» Life Expectancy

male: 73.29 years female: 81.54 years (2014 est.) (World Fact Book)

» Major Infectious Diseases

NA

» HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate

NA

 
Capital
Noumea Close
Population
267,840 (July 2014 est.) (World Fact Book) Close
History
Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island became a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended in the 1998 Noumea Accord, which over a period of 15 to 20 years will transfer an increasing amount of governing responsibility from France to New Caledonia. The agreement also commits France to conduct a referendum between 2014 and 2018 to decide whether New Caledonia should assume full sovereignty and independence. (World Fact Book) Close
Religions
Buddhism 0.5%; Christianity 78.4%; Ethnic Religions 1.6%; Islam 2.4%; Non-Religious 16.1%; Other/Small Religions; Evangelical 5.4% (Subset of Christianity) (Operation World) Close
Christian BreakDown
Anglican 0.1%; Independent 5.9%; Orthodox 0.7%; Other Christian 0.3%; Protestant 18.9%; Roman Catholic 74.1% (Operation World) Close
Unreached People Groups
0 Unreached people groups totaling approx. 0 people (Joshua Project) Close
Languages
French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects (World Fact Book) Close
Government Type
NA (World Fact Book) Close
Economy
New Caledonia has about 25% of the world's known nickel reserves. Only a small amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, substantial financial support from France - equal to more than 15% of GDP - and tourism are keys to the health of the economy; during 2009-10, France sent more development assistance to New Caledonia than to any of its other overseas territories. Substantial new investment in the nickel industry, combined with the recovery of global nickel prices, brightens the economic outlook for the next several years. (World Fact Book) Close
Per Capita GDP
$37,700 (2008 est.) (World Fact Book) Close
Internet Users
85,000 (2009) (World Fact Book) Close
Unemployment Rate
17.1% (2004) (World Fact Book) Close
Life Expectancy
male: 73.29 years female: 81.54 years (2014 est.) (World Fact Book) Close
Major Infectious Diseases
NA Close
HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate
NA Close
Ministry Links

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Coordinates:
21 30 S, 165 30 E


Prayer Wall for New Caledonia
Pray that a truly biblical yet indigenous Christian witness may be raised up, and the power of the gospel demonstrated over all the power of the evil one. Pray for the raising up of many godly leaders. Pray for expatriate missions ministry into the churches to be fruitful and blessed of God....

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